Wheelchair Rugby is a team sport that is played at high intensity for at least 32 minutes. Players need to be strong, agile, evasive and powerful, while having enough endurance to sustain their contribution to the team throughout the game.
It is vital that individuals designing training programs have an understanding of the key components of fitness and the physiological demands of Wheelchair Rugby. Improving an individual’s fitness can make them a better player and less prone to injury.
What is fitness for Wheelchair Rugby?
Speed is the ability to coordinate simple or complex movements at high velocity.
Strength is the maximum force an individual can exert through a muscle or group of muscles, against an external resistance.
Endurance is a measure of the body’s ability to maintain a rate of work.
Functional competence is the extent to which a player has good stability and mobility during movements related to the game.
Power = Speed x Strength.
The sport in which you are involved dictates the relative merits of each fitness component. In Wheelchair Rugby, this is also true when comparing roles and responsibilities on the team. All positions require a degree of each fitness component but the relative importance of each component will vary according to a player’s functions in the game.