There are a number of violations that may be committed by the team that has control of the ball, as detailed in the official Rules. When a violation occurs, the referee will blow his whistle and raise one hand in the air with all fingers extended and the palm flat. The game clock will stop and the referee will then give a hand signal indicating the type of violation.

The most common violations and their hand signals are:

  • Ten seconds – no dribble – dribbling motion with both hands in front of the referee
  • Ten seconds in the key – both hands held over the head with all fingers extended
  • Twelve seconds – both hands held over the head, one with the first clenched and the other with all fingers extended
  • Forty seconds – one hand tapping the shoulder several times.
  • Back court – one hand pointing at the centre line and moving back and forth
  • Out of bounds – no signal; indicate the direction of the next possession
  • Meter – one hand pointing to floor and outlining a semi-circle

To download the IWRF referee signals, click